NEW YORK (AP) — Lloyd Morissette, one of the creators of the beloved children’s educational series “Sesame Street,” which used empathy and fuzzy monsters like Abby Caddeby, Elmo and Cookie Monster to charm and teach generations around the world, has died. . He was 93.
Morissette’s death was announced on Tuesday sesame workshop, a nonprofit he helped found called the Children’s Television Workshop. The cause of death is not known.
In a statement, Sesame Workshop called Morissette a “wise, thoughtful and above all kind leader” who was “constantly thinking of new ways” of education.
Morissette and Joan Ganz Cooney worked with Harvard University developmental psychologist Gerald Lesser to create the show’s unique approach to learning, which now reaches 120 million children. Legendary puppeteer Jim Henson created the creatures.
“Sesame Street” is shown in more than 150 countries, won 193 Emmy Awards, 10 Grammy Awards and in 2019. received an honorary award from the Kennedy Center for Lifetime Artistic Achievement, the first time a television program won an award (Big Bird walked down the aisle and sat on Tom Hanks’ lap).
Born in 1929 in Oklahoma City, Morissette first studied to become a teacher with a background in psychology. He became an experimental educator, looking for new ways of teaching children from less fortunate families. Morissette earned a BA from Oberlin College, a graduate degree in psychology from the University of California, Los Angeles, and a PhD in experimental psychology from Yale University. He was a trustee of Oberlin for many years and was chairman of the board from 1975-1981.
The seed of Sesame Street was planted at a dinner party in 1966 where he met Cooney.
“I said, ‘Joan, do you think television can be used to teach young children?’ Her response was, “I don’t know, but I’d like to talk about it,” he recalled to The Guardian in 2004.
The first episode of Sesame Street — sponsored by the letters W, S, and E and the numbers 2 and 3 — aired in the fall of 1969. It was a troubled time in America, rocked by the war in Vietnam and idle after the assassination of the Reverend Martin Luther King the year before.
Children’s programming at the time consisted of shows such as Captain Kangaroo, The Onesie Room, and often violent cartoon fights between Tom and Jerry. “Mr. Rogers’ Neighborhood” mainly taught social skills.
Sesame Street was developed by educational professionals and child psychologists with one goal in mind: to help low-income and minority students ages 2-5 overcome some of the disadvantages they face when they enter school. Sociologists have long noted that white children from higher-income families are often better prepared.
The play took place on a city street with a multicultural cast. Diversity and integration were baked into the show. Monsters, humans and animals lived together peacefully.
It was the first children’s program in which a person with Down syndrome participated. It featured HIV dolls and foster families, invited children in wheelchairs, tackled topics such as incarcerated parents, homelessness, women’s rights, military families, and even girls singing about loving their hair.
In 1991, the bilingual Rosita was introduced, the first Latin American Muppet. Julia, a 4-year-old Muppet with autism, debuted in 2017, and since then the show has offered help to children whose parents are dealing with addiction and recovery, and the children who suffer as a result Syrian civil war. To help children after 9/11, Elmo was injured in a fire at Hooper’s store, but was reassuringly told that the firefighters had to help.
In response to news of his death, the company said Lloyd left “an enormous and indelible legacy to generations of children around the world, and Sesame Street is just the most visible tribute to his good work and lasting influence throughout his life.”
Lloyd Morissette, who helped launch Sesame Street, has died.
Source link Lloyd Morissette, who helped launch Sesame Street, has died.