MLK Day encourages service

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Martin Luther King Jr. Day is celebrated on the third Monday in January, although King was actually born on January 15, 1929, 94 years ago. Coretta Scott King and musician Stevie Wonder fought for years to make the holiday a federal holiday. Vander told CNN they started with tours and marches in the early 1980s. “And so our first march was in 1981, and we had another one in ’82, ’83. And then the bill was signed into law by President Reagan.” Below are some facts and figures related to the federal holiday in which Americans are encouraged to participate in the day’s service. “That’s the whole point. We’re not engaging in any negative protests or any negative arguments with anybody. We’re saying we’re determined to be men. We’re determined to be men.” From King’s Sermon Delivered on the Night of April 3, 1968 at Bishop Charles Mason’s Church in Memphis, Tennessee. It was his last speech, titled “I’ve Been to the Top of the Mountain.” Source: Martin Luther King Jr. Institute of Science and Education at Stanford University 68 YEARS AGO Dec. December 1, 1955 – Montgomery Bus Boycott The Montgomery Bus Boycott against segregated seating lasted about a year, beginning on December 1, 1955. Here’s what King said in his book, Step to Freedom: The Montgomery Story: We have no alternative but to protest . Over the years, we have shown amazing patience. Sometimes we gave our white brothers the feeling that we liked the way we were treated. But we come here tonight to be saved from that patience which makes us patient with anything less than liberty and justice. Source: A Step to Freedom: The Montgomery Story by Martin Luther King, Jr. 55 YEARS AGO February. 4, 1968 – King exhorts his congregation to seek greatness through service and love. “Everyone can be great because everyone can serve,” King said in his sermon, “The Drum Major Instinct.” Coretta Scott King read the same statement when she asked Congress in 1994 to make the holiday an official national humanitarian day. Source: Martin Luther King Jr. Institute of Science and Education at Stanford University April 8, 1968 – First legislative bill to establish Martin Luther King Jr. DayRep. John Conyers sponsored a bill to establish a federal holiday on April 8, 1968. Source: National Archives; Congressional Record. 44 YEARS AGO, 1980 – Wonder calls for a day of remembrance. Wonder released the song “Happy Birthday” asking for a day of “full remembrance.” Source: Billboard; Universal Music Group40 YEARS AGO. November 2, 1983 – Martin Luther King Jr. Day becomes a national holidayPresident Ronald Reagan signed into law on November 3, 1983, a law establishing the national holiday, which began in 1986. Source: Congressional Record; National Archive38 YEARS Jan. January 20, 1986 – the very first national celebration. Proclaiming January 20, 1986 as Martin Luther King Jr. Day, President Reagan wrote: “King’s activism was based on a true patriotism that cherished the ideals of America and sought to close the gap between those ideals and reality.” Source: Ronald Reagan Presidential Library and Museum; Publishing of the U.S. government29 YEARS AGO Aug. 23, 1994 – Holiday Becomes a Day of Service The holiday became a day of service on August 23, 1994, when President Bill Clinton signed the Martin Luther King Jr. Federal Holiday and Service Act into law. Source: AmeriCorps; American Presidency Project; University of California at Santa Barbara

Martin Luther King Jr. Day is celebrated on the third Monday in January, although King was actually born on January 15, 1929, 94 years ago.

Coretta Scott King and musician Stevie Wonder fought for years to make it a federal holiday. Vander told CNN they started with tours and marches in the early 1980s. “And so our first march was in 1981, and we had another one in ’82, ’83. And then ultimately the bill was signed into law by President Reagan.”

Below are some facts and figures related to the federal holiday in which Americans are encouraged to participate in days of service.

“That’s what this whole thing is about. We are not involved in any negative protests or any negative disputes with anyone. We say we are determined to be men. We are determined to be human.”

From King’s sermon delivered on the night of April 3, 1968, at the Bishop Charles Mason Temple in Memphis, Tennessee. Titled “I’ve been to the top of the mountain” it was his last speech.
Source: Martin Luther King Jr. Institute for Research and Education at Stanford University

68 YEARS AGO

December 1, 1955 – Montgomery Bus Boycott
The Montgomery bus boycott against segregated seating lasted about a year, beginning on December 1, 1955. Here’s what King said in his book, A Step to Freedom: The Montgomery Story: We have no choice but to protest. Over the years, we have shown amazing patience. Sometimes we gave our white brothers the feeling that we liked the way we were treated. But we come here tonight to be saved from that patience which makes us tolerant of anything less than liberty and justice.
Source: A Step to Freedom: The Montgomery Story by Martin Luther King Jr.

55 YEARS AGO

February 4, 1968 – King urges his congregation to seek greatness through service and love
“Everyone can be great because everyone can serve,” King said in his sermon “Drum Master Instinct.” Coretta Scott King read the same statement when she asked Congress in 1994 to make the holiday an official national day of humanitarian service.
Source: Martin Luther King Jr. Institute for Research and Education at Stanford University

April 8, 1968 – First bill to establish Martin Luther King Jr. Day
Representative John Conyers sponsored a bill to establish April 8, 1968 as a federal holiday.
Source: National Archives; Congressional Record

44 YEARS AGO

1980 – Wonder calls for Memorial Day
Wonder released the song “Happy Birthday” asking him to spend the day “full of memories.”
Source: Billboard; Universal music group

40 YEARS AGO

November 2, 1983 – Martin Luther King Day becomes a national holiday
President Ronald Reagan signed November 3, 1983, legislation on the creation of a national holiday, which started in 1986.
Source: Congressional Record; National Archives

38 YEARS AGO

January 20, 1986 – the very first national celebration
Proclaiming January 20, 1986 as Martin Luther King Jr. Day, President Reagan wrote, “King’s activism was based on a true patriotism that cherishes the ideals of America and strives to close the gap between those ideals and reality.”
Source: Ronald Reagan Presidential Library and Museum; US Government Press

29 YEARS AGO

August 23, 1994 – the holiday becomes a day of worship
The holiday became a day of service August 23, 1994, when President Bill Clinton signed Federal Martin Luther King Jr. Holidays and Service Act.
Source: AmeriCorps; Project on the American Presidency, University of California, Santa Barbara

MLK Day encourages service

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